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Native Plants for the Landscape Guide - Shrubs

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Shrub Listing

 

Azalea, sweet (Rhododendron arborescens) - to 10'; white-pink flowers; rich, moist, acid soil; mostly sun

 

Azalea, rhodora (Rhododendron canadense) - 3'-4'; very hardy; lavender-white flowers; rich, acid soils

 

Azalea, flame(Rhododendron calendulaceum) - to 8'; red to gold flowers mid May; acid, well drained soil

 

Azalea,mountain (Rhododendron, canescens) - to 10'; pink to white, fragrant flowers; rich woodland soils

 

Azalea, pinxter (R. periclymenoides) - to 10'; small pink flowers;  woodland, sun-part shade; rich acid soil

 

Azalea, roseshell (R. prinophyllum) - to 8'; pink,fragrant flowers in May; sun-part shade; moist, acid soils
 

Azalea, swamp (R. viscosum) - to 6'; fragrant white flowers; sun-part shade; rich, moist, acid soils
 

Blueberry, highbush (Vaccinium corymbosum) - 6'-12'; sun-part shade; moist woods, bogs, and swamps
 

Chokeberry,red (Aronia arbutifolia) - 5'-8' upright shape; fall foliage in shades of red; holds fruit into winter
 

Chokeberry,black (A. melanocarpa) - 3'-5' thicket forming shrub; black berries; good wildlife value
 

Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) - to 9'; grows well on poor, sandy acid soils; blue-gray berries, wildlife
 

Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) - thick groundcover; dark red fall fruits; needs sun & well drained soil
 

Buttonbush (Cephalantus occidentalis) - to 10'; needs moist to wet soil; ponds & streams; yellow fall color
 

Carolina Allspice (Calycanthus floridus) - to 6'; large glossy leaves; dense border screen; sun-light shade
 

Cinquefoil, shrubby (Potentilla fruticosa) - 3'-4'; yellow flowers June until frost; shrub border; sun-moisture
 

Dogwood, pagoda (Cornus alternifolia) - to 25'; border, screening; purple fruit; maroon fall color; moist soil
 

Dogwood, silky (C. amomum) - to 10'x10'; shrub border; blue fruit; deep red fall foliage; wet to dry soil
 

Dogwood, gray (C. racemosa) - to 15'; shrub border; white flowers & fruit; maroon fall color; sun to shade
 

Dogwood, red-osier (C. sericea) - to 8'; shrub border; bright red stems, white flowers & fruits; accent plant
 

Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) - to 12'; fast growing; meadows & edges of woodlands; edible berries
 

Hazelnut, (Corylus americana) - to 6'-10'; erect growth; fruits reddish, ornamental; adapted to shade
 

Inkberry (Ilex glabra) - 6' to 9'; evergreen; black berries; shrub border; moist - wet soils; sun to shade
 

Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia) -  to 8'; difficult to grow; requires acid soil, good moisture & drainage
 

Rhododendron, rosebay (Rhododendron maximum) - to 15'; white flowers; light-full shade; rich, moist soil
 

Shadbush; Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) - to 20'; woodlands, moist, acid soil; white flowers
 

St Johnswort (Hypericum prolificum) - to 3'; yellow flowers, dark green foliage; needs dry/moist soils; sun
 

Spicebush (Lindera benzoin) -  to 12'; early flowering shrub; tolerates wet soils; red fruits eaten by birds
 

Strawberry bush (Euonymus americana) - to 6'; shrub border; moist soil; partial shade; red fruit/grn. stems
 

Sumac, fragrant (Rhus aromatica) - to 6'; banks, borders; sun-part shade;  yellow flowers; good fall color
 

Sumac, shining (Rhus copallina) - to 25'; large scale plantings; attractive dark green foliage; spreads
 

Sumac, smooth (Rhus glabra) - to 15'; large scale plantings; sun - light shade; scarlet stems in fall
 

Sumac, staghorn (Rhus typhina) - to 25'; sun to light shade; banks, highways; excellent fall color
 

Sweet Pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia) - 3'-6'; spikes of small white flowers; wetland shrub; light shade
 

Viburnum, mapleleaf (Viburnum acerifolium) - 5'-6'; good understory, bird plant; woodland, deep shade
 

Viburnum, arrowwood (V. dentatum) - 4' to 8';  white flowers (June); shrub border; tolerates dry soils
 

Viburnum, nannyberry (V. lentago) - 20'; white flowers in May, black berries; woodland edge, wildlife plant
 

Viburnum, blackhaw (V. prunifolium) - to 15'; sun-part shade; med.-dry soil; edible berries; shrub border
 

Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) - to 8'; shrub border; dark green foliage; scarlet berries;  good winter contrast