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Native Plants for the Landscape Guide - Large Trees

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Large Trees

Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) - large evergreen tree; long-lived; food & cover for songbirds

Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) - large evergreen tree; blue-green foliage; moist/dry soils; wildlife

American beech (Fagus grandifolia) - to 60'; rich, moist soils; smooth gray bark; good ornamental; wildlife

Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) - to 70'; sun to light shade; acid soil; white flowers; spectacular red, fall color

Black walnut (Juglans nigra) - to 75'; found on rich, moist soils; edible nuts preferred by many mammals

Black willow (Salix nigra) - to 30'; found on streambanks and in wet meadows; streambank protection

Red maple (Acer rubrum) to 75'; grows best in wet soils; red fall color; good ornamental & wildlife tree

Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) - to 80'; moist slopes; excellent ornamental; brilliant fall color; wildlife

Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) - to 125'; streambanks & floodplains; white/green flaking bark; wildlife

Northern red oak (Quercus rubra) - to 90'; moist to dry soils; acorns provide food for many birds/mammals

Pin oak (Quercus palustris) - to 60'; typically requires wet to moist soils; acorns - food for wetland animals

White oak (Quercus alba) - 80'-100'; moist to dry soils; produces acorns every year; important wildlife tree

White ash (Fraxinus americana) - to 80'; moist, rich soils; good ornamental; yellow to maroon fall color

Mockernut hickory (Carya tormentosa) - 50'-75'; moist, open woods & slopes; nuts large w/thick shells

Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata) - 70'-80'; rich soils on slopes & in valleys; provides excellent wildlife food

Shellbark hickory (Carya lachiniosa) - 80'-100'; moist to wet fertile bottomlands in southern PA; wildlife